Expert Tips for Conducting Effective User Interviews

Maximize the value of your user feedback with these advanced techniques

Ardavan Hp
2 min readJan 5, 2023


User interviews are a crucial part of the product development process, as they provide valuable insights into the needs and desires of the target audience. By conducting user interviews, businesses can gather feedback on their products, identify areas for improvement, and ultimately create better products that are more tailored to the needs of their users.

However, simply asking users a few questions is not enough to get the most out of these interviews. In order to truly understand the user’s perspective, it’s important to use advanced techniques that allow you to delve deeper into their thought processes and gather more nuanced insights.

Here are some advanced techniques that you can use to conduct more effective user interviews:

Use probes: Probes are follow-up questions or prompts that are used to encourage users to elaborate on their thoughts and feelings. For example, if a user says that they found a feature confusing, you can use a probe to ask them to explain why they feel that way or to provide more details about their experience.

Use the Five Whys technique: This technique involves asking the user why they had a certain experience or why they felt a certain way. You then follow up by asking why again, and repeat this process until you reach the root cause of the issue. This helps to uncover deeper, underlying problems that may not have been immediately apparent.

Use the Laddering technique: This technique involves asking users about their values and goals, and then asking follow-up questions to understand how those values and goals influence their behavior and decision-making. This can help you better understand the motivations behind their actions.

Use the Critical Incident Technique: This technique involves asking users to recount specific, memorable experiences they had with your product. By focusing on specific incidents, you can gather more detailed and accurate information about how the product is being used and where it may be falling short.

By using these advanced techniques, you can conduct more effective user interviews and gather more valuable insights into the needs and desires of your target audience. This, in turn, will help you create better products that are more tailored to the needs of your users.



Ardavan Hp

Ui Ux Designer with love for psychology, philosophy, books and Artificial Intelligence :)